Abstract: Four bands occur in the Mössbauer spectra of pelletal glauconites ranging in age from Cambrian to Oligocene. Components due to Fe3+ in the cis M(2) positions are visible in all the spectra but their shapes depend on the expanding layer content. In the spectrum of the Oligocene glauconite a very well-developed shoulder due to Fe2+ in the trans M(1) positions is observed. In the younger glauconites (15–20% expanding layers) the conventional assignments of the spectra indicate that Fe2+ occupies the trans M(1) positions, the cis M(2) positions being vacant. Conversely, in the Palaeozoic samples (∼5% expanding layers) the cis occupancy significantly prevails over trans occupancy.