Summary: Two nickel arsenates from South Terras mine, St. Stephen-in-Brannell, Cornwall, have been shown to be identical with the minerals xanthiosite and aerugite, described by C. Bergemann in 1858, and with two synthetic products described by J. B. Taylor and R. D. Heyding (1958). Xanthiosite is pure golden-yellow, monoclinic, with a 10·174, b 9·548, c 5·766 Å, β 92° 5812′, space group P21/a; with D415=5·42±0·10, the unit cell contains 4[Ni3(AsO4)2] (Dcalc 5·388±0·003). Aerugite is deep blue-green, monoclinic, with a 10·29, b 5·95, c 9·79 Å, β 110° 19′, space-group C2, Cm, or C2/m; the ideal unit cell formula is 2[Ni9As3O16], with one-sixth of the arsenic trivalent; the natural mineral has a lower Ni:As ratio, around 2·6. Both xanthiosite and aerugite are minerals new to Britain.