Summary: Garnets from twenty-eight pegmatites, schists, and gneisses from the crystalline massif of Eilat have been examined. Refractive index, unit-cell edge, MnO and FeO content were determined in 19 samples. Three chemical analyses are given. The garnets fall into two distinct groups, the pegmatite garnets (spessartine-rich, almandine to spessartine) and metamorphic garnets (nearly pure almandine). Garnets occurring in pegmatite-like granitoid veins cutting through the schists are shown to belong to the second (metamorphic) group. The pegmatite garnets again fall into two groups of different spessartine content.