Study of Minerals from the Pegmatites of the Nellore Mica-Belt, Andhra Pradesh, India Part I. Microcline Perthites

V. R. R. M. Babu
Department of Geology, Andhra University, Waltair

Summary: The obliquity values of microcline perthites are nearer to maximum microcline type, indicating that they have less than 10% Ab in their lattices, apart from exsolved albite. The perthites are classified based on form as stringier, string, film, vein, and replacement types. It is concluded that stringlet and string perthites are formed by exsolution along contraction cracks, followed by film as a result of decrease in rate of cooling and increase in water vapour content of the pegmatites, whereas vein and replacement perthites are formed last, by replacement when the pegmatites crystallized in a closed system. Based on the chemical composition of microcline perthites, a temperature of 600 °C is arrived at for unmixing of feldspar to give rise to microcline perthite.

Mineralogical Magazine; March 1969 v. 37; no. 285; p. 135-139; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1969.037.285.14
© 1969, The Mineralogical Society
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