On Aluminous and Edenitic Hornblendes

Bernard E. Leake
Department of Geology, University of Bristol, Bristol 8, England

Summary: Based on nearly 1500 published amphibole analyses the maximum possible Alvi in hornblendes is shown to increase with increase of Aliv. New analyses of hornblendes from amphibole-corundum rocks, with and without anorthite, are given and after critical examination of the available data it is concluded that the maximum verified Alvi-rich calciferous amphibole that approaches the closest to hypothetical tschermakite comes from a kyanite-bearing aluminous high-pressure-crystallized schist from Lukmanier, Switzerland. Pure natural edenite or ferroedenite is unknown, but a new analysis of the nearest known natural edenite, from Mysore, India, agrees with the postulated view that extraordinarily low temperatures are needed for edenite-ferroedenite crystallization, much below that possible in magmas and only rarely achieved in metamorphic rocks containing amphiboles. The limit of the approach of igneous hornblendes to edenite-ferroedenite and tremolite-ferroactinolite is outlined.

At least 1100 °C is required for complete expulsion of water from some amphiboles.

Mineralogical Magazine; December 1971 v. 38; no. 296; p. 389-407; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1971.038.296.01
© 1971, The Mineralogical Society
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