Summary: Killalaite occurs in a thermally metamorphosed limestone at Killala Bay, near Inishcrone, Co. Sligo. It is a secondary mineral and occurs in cavities and veins with calcite or afwillite in spurrite-wollastonite rocks. It is found in well-formed colourless crystals, up to 2 mm long, with a characteristic penetrative twinning observed under crossed nicols as a cross ‘bow-tie’, cleavage (100) perfect, (010) good, (001) poor. The crystals are monoclinic, biaxial, 2Vα26°, refractive index α 1·635 and γ 1·642, optic axial plane (010), β =  (elongation), γ:  ≈ 16°, density calculated from RI ∼ 2·88, provisional approximate cell dimensions a 9·3, b 9·9, c 7·7 (±0.1 Å), β ∼105° and Z = 2. Electron microprobe analysis gave CaO 57·o, SiO2 39·8; H2O (by difference) 3·2; MgO, Al2O3, and Fe2O3 together < 0·3 weight %, composition 2Ca3Si2O7.H2O. The stronger lines of the X-ray powder pattern are: 3·03, 2·824, 2·724, 2·275, 2·224, 1·688, 1·673, and 1·413 Å. It probably formed in a CO2-deficient hydrothermal environment in the PT range of 350° to 500 °C and 500 to 3500 bars. The mineral is named after the name of the locality, Killala Bay, and should be pronounced as killalahite. Type material is preserved at the Ulster Museum and at the British Museum (Natural History).