Nahcolite (NaHCO3) in Inclusions in Apatites from Some E. African Ijolites and Carbonatites

A. H. Rankin and M. J. Le Bas
Department of Geology, University of Leicester, LE1 7RH

Summary: Nahcolite (NaHCO3) is identified and recorded for the first time from an igneous rock. Often associated with it is another carbonate mineral tentatively identified as kalieino (KHCO3), which has not previously been recorded as a primary mineral in any rock. These minerals occur in inclusions in apatite crystals in ijolites and carbonatites, and indicate that both ijolite and carbonatite magma must have been considerably richer in soda and potash than is indicated by the chemical analyses of the rocks. The identification was made by a combination of microchemical, solubility, crystallographic, and optical determinations.

Mineralogical Magazine; March 1974 v. 39; no. 305; p. 564-570; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1974.039.305.09
© 1974, The Mineralogical Society
Mineralogical Society (