Thermal Transformation of Lepidomelane

Mizuhiko Akizuki, Hiroshi Konno, Noriyoshi Yamauchi and Ichiro Sunagawa
Institute of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980 Japan
1Present address: Nippon Toki Co., Nagoya, Japan.

Summary: Lepidornelane, an iron-rich biotite, was heated in air or in vacuum, or by electron bombardment, and the processes of dehydration and transformation were studied by means of X-ray diffractometry, optical microscopy, and electron microscopy. By heat treatment, vacancies are at first formed by the evaporation of water molecules and alkali ions, and they move and condense to form holes, which act as preferential nucleation sites for new phases. Other preferential sites are edges of exposed silicate sheets along microcracks, and these are decorated by a newly formed maghe-mite-like mineral whose a is 10–20 Å (on a hexagonal cell), so that the sites can be clearly seen even under the reflection microscope. By heating at higher temperatures or prolonged heating, various phases, olivine, hematite, magnetite, and leucite are formed, depending upon the conditions of dehydration.

Mineralogical Magazine; September 1975 v. 40; no. 311; p. 239-245; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1975.040.311.04
© 1975, The Mineralogical Society
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