Summary: Alkali feldspars in plutonic igneous rocks vary both in their exsolution textures and in the structural state of their components. The primary factor leading to this diversity is the availability of hydrothermal fluids during their cooling history. In many plutons feldspar variation is related to degree of fractionation as indicated by rock chemistry. The variation reflects build-up of water with magmatic evolution and implies that fluids did not circulate freely in the intrusives in the temperature range of unmixing and ordering. Experimental work bearing on the role of fluids in subsolidus changes in feldspars is reviewed, and points of overlap between crystallographic studies of feldspars and stable isotope studies are discussed.