Kidwellite, NaFe93+(OH)10(PO4)6·5H2O, a New Species

Paul B. Moore and Jun Ito
Department of the Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, U.S.A.

Summary: Kidwellite, NaFe93+(OH)10(PO4)6·5H2O, monoclinic, Z = 2, a = 20·61(7) Å, b = 5·15(1) Å, c = 13·75(6) Å, β = 112·64(15)·, space group A2/m, Am, or A2, is a new species that occurs in moderate abundance as a late-stage mineral associated with rockbridgeite, dufrenite, beraunite, and strengite in novaculite deposits. Colour lively pale chartreuse-green, to greenish-yellow, greenish-white, and bright yellow. H = 3, lustre silky, streak yellow, cleavage {100} perfect, habit acicular elongated parallel to [010], flattened on {100}, biaxial (−), α = 1·787(5), β = 1·800(5), γ = 1·805(5), 2V large, βb, not discernibly pleochroic.

The mineral is moderately widespread as a replacement of rockbridgeite and beraunite from the Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas; Indian Mountain, Alabama; Irish Creek, Virginia; Waldgirmes, West Germany. A related, but apparently distinct, species is also noted from the McMahon pegmatite, South Australia, and the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Mineralogical Magazine; March 1978 v. 42; no. 321; p. 137-140; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1978.042.321.21
© 1978, The Mineralogical Society
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