Summary: The Verkhne Dnieprovsk material (BM 51183) in the collection of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) is chemically group IIE and therefore distinct from Augustinovka. Structurally it is a finest octahedrite, with a kamacite band-width (0.05 mm) and bulk Ni content (Scott and Wasson, 1976) appropriate to a cooling rate of 830 K Myr−1. Subsequent pre-terrestrial shock has produced localized deformation and shock-heating effects, which include mm-size globules of metal-phosphide melt product with a dendritic texture indicating resolidification at c.10 000 K sec−1. It is suggested that the phosphides were already fissured at the time of shockmelting. The structure of Verkhne Dnieprovsk, although lacking silicates, is analogous to that of Kodaikanal.