Alluaudites, Wyllieites, Arrojadites: Crystal Chemistry and Nomenclature

Paul B. Moore and Jun Ito
Department of the Geophysical Sciences, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA

Synopsis: Anomenclature is proposed for the alluaudite and wyllieite complex series which is based on sequentially distributing the cations in the cell according to increasing polyhedral size, matching that size with increasing ionic radii of the cations. For oxidized members, the largest site may be partly occupied to empty after all the cations have been distributed. This is supported by structural study.

For alluaudites, the cell formula is X(2)4X(I)4 M(I)4M(2)8(PO4)12 and is written according to decreasing size of the discrete sites. The X(I) and X(2) sites are appended as suffixes in the trivial nomenclature, that is specific name—X(I)X(2).

For wyllieites, the cell formula is X(2)4X (1a)2X(1b)2M(I)4M(2a)4A14(PO4)12. The X(1a), X(1b), and X(2) sites are appended as suffixes in the trivial nomenclature, that is specific name--X(la) X(Ib)X(2).

The nomenclature proposed is: Generic name M(2) M(1) alluaudites wyllieites hagendorfites wyllieites Fe2+ Fe2+ Fe2+ Mn2+ varulite unnamed Mn2+ Mn2+ Fe3+ Fe2+ alluaudites rosemaryites Fe3+ Mn2+ Specific name alluaudites wyllieites ferrohagendorfite ferrowyllieite (1) hagendorfite (4) wyllieite (1) varulite (1) unnamed ferroalluaudite (2) unnamed alluaudite (9) rosemaryite (1) Seventeen analyses are discussed (of which five are new) for alluaudite and four analyses (of which three are new) for wyllieites. Their distribution is given parenthetically above. One analysis revealed predominant Mg2+ in M(2). It is named maghagen- dortite.

Six new analyses are presented for the arrojadite family of minerals including re-examination of dickinsonite from Branchville, Connecticut. Al3+ is always present. We propose X1+Y51+M142+Al(OH,F)(PO4)12, Z = 4, where X = large cations (K+, Ba2+, Pb2+, etc.), Y = Na1+, Ca2+, and M = Fe2+ Mn2+, Mg2+. A range of cations X, Y, M, and Al between 76.8 and 85.9 in the cell (84 for proposed formula) suggests the likelihood of some vacancies in the structure.

Mineralogical Magazine; June 1979 v. 43; no. 326; p. 227-235; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1979.043.326.04
© 1979, The Mineralogical Society
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