The Rewari Meteorite1

S. P. Das Gupta, P. R. Sen Gupta, N. R. Sen Gupta, D. R. Das Gupta and A. Dube
Geological Survey of India, 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Calcutta-700016, India
1Publication authorized by the Director General, Geological Survey of India.

Summary: The meteorite was an oriented polyhedron, which broke up into at least two parts after entry into the Earth's atmosphere. It has undergone some degree of terrestrial weathering. A cut surface of the meteorite shows light-grey interior with sporadic rusty-brown patches and a distinct brown alteration zone close to the fusion crust. Weathering has resulted in preferential replacement of NiFe by limonite, and veining of minerals by goethite.

Rewari is an equilibrated chondrite with rare ghosts of chondrules and at least one lithic fragment. Composition of olivine, as indicated by microprobe analysis is Fa23, which agrees well with bulk wet chemical analysis; that indicated by d130 is Fa18–20. From the outer surface inwards, four petrographic zones can be distinguished in the meteorite: a skin, about 0.01 mm thick, a troilite-poor zone slightly thicker than the skin, a troilite-rich ‘soaking zone’, about 0.5–0.6 mm thick, and a relatively coarse-grained interior. These are described in detail.

The interior of the meteorite is composed of relatively coarse-grained crystalline silicates with disseminated metallic minerals including plessitic and zoned inter-growths of kamacite and taenite. The matrix shows a high degree of integration with the chondrules. The coarse texture and zonation of taenite may be the result of protracted heat treatment responsible for recrystallization. The constituent grains show considerable shock effects such as fracturing, comminution, veins of shock-melted pseudotachylite, pressure twinning, and undulose extinction. Chemical composition (mean of two wet chemical analysis) of the meteorite is: metallic Fe 7.475, Ni 0.975, Co 0.045; as sulphide Fe 3.200, Ni 0.090, Co < 0.01; SiO2 38.060, TiO2 0.10, Al2O3 2.34, Fe2O3 0.175, Cr2O3 0.485, FeO 13.950, MnO 0.210, NiO trace, CaO 1.875, MgO 26.265, Na2O 0.89, K2O 0.115, P2O5 0.285, H2O− 0.295, H2O+ 0.81, CO2 trace, S (total) 1.890, C (total) 0.19 per cent. The chemistry, mineralogy, and texture show that the Rewari meteorite is an L6 chondrite. Compared to average L-group chondrite it has a higher content of MgO and lower of SiO2, a little lower oxidation state, and tends to be enriched in siderophilic elements.

Mineralogical Magazine; September 1979 v. 43; no. 327; p. 423-427; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1979.043.327.16
© 1979, The Mineralogical Society
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