A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas

Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler
Bendix Field Engineering Corporation, Geology Division, Austin, Texas
Department of Geology, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77004

Summary: Intrusion of the Bee Mountain soda microsyenite plug in southwestern Brewster County, Texas established conditions of low grade contact metamorphism in the upper Cretaceous Boquillas and Pen Formation sedimentary rocks. It is unlikely that load pressure exceeded 330 bars or that temperatures exceeded 470 °C at the intrusive contact. Thermally unaltered parent materials predominantly contain ortho- and allochemical low-magnesium calcite, silt-sized quartz, calcium montmorillonite, kaolinite, and volcanic glass. Incipient metamorphism is marked by the appearance of xanthophyllite followed by prehnite formed at the expense of xanthophyllite and montmorillonite. Near the soda microsyenite contact prehnite has decomposed to yield grossular and epidote group minerals, and apophyllite has replaced calcite where fluorine-bearing solutions have reacted with the parent material. Textural modifications include the recrystallization of calcite, redistribution of some of the mineral phases, and decreased friability in the marly layers.

Mineralogical Magazine; December 1979 v. 43; no. 328; p. 479-482; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1979.043.328.06
© 1979, The Mineralogical Society
Mineralogical Society (www.minersoc.org)