The Aqueous Chemistry of Uranium Minerals. Part I. Divalent Cation Zippeïte

David F. Haacke and Peter A. Williams
Department of Chemistry, University College, Cardiff, CF1 1XL

Synopsis: Free energies of formation of divalent metal ion zippeïtes, M2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10 ·nH2O, M = Mg,Co,Ni,Zn have been determined from solution studies and metal speciation calculations, in water. It is found that in the compounds, the number of molecules of water of crystallization is equal to 8. This is at variance with a previous report (Frondel et al., 1976), but it has been found that some at least of the water content of zippeite is either nonessential or very loosely bound in the structure. Based on the octahydrate formulation, ΔGf°values are −3506, −12695, −12683 and −12870±4 kJ mol−1 for the Mg,Co,Ni and Zn end-members, respectively. Almost all of the differences in the ΔGf° values are accounted for by those values for the metal ions alone with the exception of Znzippeïte where a discrepancy of some 22 kJ mol−1 is found. Even this value is small however, and the chemical studies indicate that extensive mutual solid solution between all end members is to be expected. These findings agree perfectly with observations on the composition of naturally occurring zippeite minerals of this group.

Mineralogical Magazine; December 1979 v. 43; no. 328; p. 539-541; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1979.043.328.15
© 1979, The Mineralogical Society
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