Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Weathered Basalt from Morvern, Scotland

D. C. Bain, P. F. S. Ritchie, D. R. Clark and D. M. L. Duthie
The Macaulay Institute for Soil Research, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB9 2QJ, UK

Summary: The chemical, mineralogical, and textural changes involved in the weathering of basalt have been traced through various stages from fresh rock (which has a cation exchange capacity of 10 meq/100 g due to the presence of a swelling chlorite mineral) to reddened basaltic rubble consisting of interstratified montmorillonite-illite, hematite, and anatase. The cation exchange capacities of the rocks increase progressively with the formation of secondary clay from labradorite as Al, Fe, and Ti accumulate and Si, Mg, Ca, and Na are depleted—much of the K is retained in the secondary clay mineral. The weathering is considered to be contemporaneous with the formation of the Antrim bauxites but not so intense.

Mineralogical Magazine; September 1980 v. 43; no. 331; p. 865-872; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1980.043.331.07
© 1980, The Mineralogical Society
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