An Occurrence of Rare-Earth-Rich Eudialyte from Ascension Island, South Atlantic

C. Harris, G. Cressey, J. D. Bell, F. B. Atkins and S. Beswetherick
Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Parks Road, Oxford

Abstract: A mineral closely resembling eudialyte in single crystal X-ray pattern and chemistry has been found in one granite block from the 5 Mile Post area on Ascension Island. To our knowledge, eudialyte has not previously been recognized in this suite of granites although they contain two other rare zirconium silicates, dalyite and vlasovite. Textural evidence suggests that the eudialyte, which is remarkable for its high yttrium and REE content, crystallized from very late-stage magmatic fluids. Rare-earth patterns are only slightly fractionated (CeN/YN = 1.8–2.5) compared with those of allanites and sphenes from Skye granites which presumably have similar parageneses. In contrast, the whole-rock REE pattern shows greater enrichment of light REE (CeN/YN ∼ 10). This difference in REE pattern is considered to be due to the effects of REE and other element complexing related to the peralkalinity of the granite liquid.

Mineralogical Magazine; December 1982 v. 46; no. 341; p. 421-425; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1982.046.341.02
© 1982, The Mineralogical Society
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