Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Triassic Sandstones and Implications for Groundwater Composition

D. A. Spears
Department of Geology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD

Abstract: Borehole samples from the Wildmoor Sandstone Formation have been analysed for whole-rock major and trace elements and the mineralogy determined by X-ray diffraction and conventional thin sections. The forty-two samples studied were obtained from boreholes drilled in a long established effluent site and from control boreholes away from the site. Elements are associated with one or more of calcite, quartz, K-feldspar, and clay plus oxide. The most important mineralogical change due to current infiltration is progressive loss of calcite. Background element concentrations are established and only Pb, and in one sample Cu and Zn, are found in higher concentrations representing anthropogenic additions to the system.

Mineralogical Magazine; June 1983 v. 47; no. 343; p. 183-190; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1983.047.343.08
© 1983, The Mineralogical Society
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