Possible Chemical Controls of Illite/Smectite Composition During Diagenesis

B. Velde
Laboratoire de Géologie, ER 224 CNRS, Ecole Normal Supérieure, 46 rue d'Ulm, 75230, Paris, France

Abstract: Re-interpretation of the significance of phase assemblages present in two sequences of rocks having experienced similar burial diagenesis allows one to establish that the change of oxidation state of iron in sediments could have the effect of changing the smectite content of the mixed layer mineral. This is used to explain an almost isothermal change in the composition of a sequence while others do not show such a rapid change. An indicator of the reaction is seen in the composition of the chlorite present in the rocks which is iron-rich and alumina-poor compared to chlorites in rocks showing a slower rate of change in the smectite content of the mixed-layered mineral. In order to reveal such a relation, one must make an analysis of the clay mineral assemblage, especially in the number of phases present during the course of diagenesis.

Keywords: illite • smectite • diagenesis

Mineralogical Magazine; June 1985 v. 49; no. 352; p. 387-391; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1985.049.352.09
© 1985, The Mineralogical Society
Mineralogical Society (www.minersoc.org)