Abstract: A xenolith from the Delegate breccia pipe (New South Wales, Australia) contains sapphirine in equilibrium with aluminous clinopyroxene, garnet, and plagioclase (An48). This unusual assemblage probably developed from a clinopyroxene (±spinel ± plagioclase) cumulate during cooling from > 1400°C to c. 1000°C at pressures near 15 kbar. The sapphirine is close to the 7:9:3 composition, suggesting that bulk composition is more important than P-T conditions in determining the stoichiometry of natural sapphirines. A similar occurrence of sapphirine has also been recorded in mantlederived xenoliths from the Stockdale kimberlite in Kansas. Re-examination of sapphirine granulites from Finero suggests that their primary assemblages and origin may have been similar to those of the Delegate xenolith. Sapphirine is clearly stable under upper-mantle conditions in Ca-Al-Mg-rich bulk compositions.