Metavivianite and Kerchenite: A Review

K. A. Rodgers
Department of Geology, University of Auckland, Private Bag, Auckland, New Zealand

Abstract: Metavivianite has been shown to be not dimorphous with vivianite. Assuming the homogeneity and uniformity of the original type samples, it is a triclinic hydrated ferri-ferrous hydroxy phosphate whose formula may be given as Fe3−x2+Fex3+(PO4)2(OH)x(8−x)H2O where x > 1.4. The precise oxidation limits between which the triclinic lattice is stable are not known but the structure persists close to total oxidation of all iron. The structure of metavivianite was established using a fragment of kerchenite whose formula as originally given is covered by the general metavivianite formula. Assuming the homogeneity of the original (1907) samples, kerchenite and metavivianite appear to be identical.

Keywords: metavivianite • vivianite • kerchenite

Mineralogical Magazine; December 1986 v. 50; no. 358; p. 687-691; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1986.050.358.16
© 1986, The Mineralogical Society
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