Abstract: Two distinct habits of redledgeite are described: small black bipyramidal crystals and yellow-green fibres. The mineral is a Ba-Cr-Ti oxide rather than a Mg-Cr-Ti oxide as previously supposed. Electron microprobe analysis gave Ba1.10(Cr1.82Ti5.95 Fe0.10V0.08)Σ7.95O16 and Ba1.27(Cr2.48Ti5.49Fe0.02)Σ7.99 O16 for the black and yellow-green forms respectively. The mineral is a monoclinic hollandite-type phase, space group I2/m, with a = 10.129(2); b = 2.959(1); c = 10.135(2) Å; β = 90.05(11)° and Z = 1; calculated density for the black form is 4.413 g cm−3. The crystal structure was refined to R 6.3%, Rw 7.4% using 1017 reflections with F > 3σ(F) from a set of 1062 unique reflections. Electron diffraction studies revealed weak superlattice reflections, with a period of 2.24b due to tunnel cation ordering.