High-Pressure, Synthetic Loveringite-Davidite and Its Rare Earth Element Geochemistry

T. H. Green and N. J. Pearson
School of Earth Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia

Abstract: Loveringite-davidite members of the crichtonite group were synthesized at high pressure and temperature (7.5 kbar, 1000–1050 °C) from a melt of TiO2 and rare earth element (REE) enriched basaltic andesite composition. Four sets of partition coefficients for La, Srn, Ho, Lu and Sr (analogue for Eu2+) were obtained. These show that light and heavy REE are readily accommodated, but the intermediate REE are discriminated against in the loveringite—davidite structure. This confirms the previously proposed two sites (A and M) for REE substitution in the crichtonite group. Additional experiments verified the stability of REE-rich crichtonite group minerals to 20 kbar, 1300 °C and 30 kbar, 1000 °C, and indicate that this phase may be an important accessory repository for the light and heavy REE in the upper mantle.

Keywords: loveringite • davidite • crichtonite group • rare earth element geochemistry

Mineralogical Magazine; March 1987 v. 51; no. 359; p. 145-149; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1987.051.359.16
© 1987, The Mineralogical Society
Mineralogical Society (www.minersoc.org)