Mineralogy and Metamorphic History of Norite Dykes Within Granulite Facies Gneisses from Sand Mata, Rajasthan, NW India

Ram S. Sharma1, Jane D. Sills2 and M. Joshi1
1 Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 22100, India.
2 Department of Geology, Leicester University, Leicester LE1 7RH, England.

Abstract: Metanorite dykes intrude the Banded Gneiss Complex at various places in Rajasthan, N.W. India. They show neither chilled margins nor gradational contacts with the country rock amphibolite or granulite facies gneisses. They have ophitic to subophitic texture with strongly zoned subcalcic clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene, olivine and plagioclase, with subsidiary biotite. During slow cooling a series of reaction coronas developed with garnet forming round biotite, ilmenite and orthopyroxene; hornblende round pyroxenes and orthopyroxene, hornblende ± spinel round olivine, which may be totally replaced. It is inferred that the dykes crystallised from a tholeiitic magma at about 1100-1150 °C and were intruded during the waning stages of granulite facies metamorphism. The corona minerals grew at about 650–700 °C. A series of reactions to account for the development of the coronas is proposed using measured mineral compositions. Although these reactions do not balance for individual corona formation, metamorphism was probably isochemical with Ca, Na, K, Ti, Si and H2O only mobile on the scale of a thin section. Si and H2O were possibly mobile on a larger scale.

Keywords: norites • dykes • gneisses • granulite facies • Rajasthan • India

Mineralogical Magazine; June 1987 v. 51; no. 360; p. 207-215; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1987.051.360.03
© 1987, The Mineralogical Society
Mineralogical Society (www.minersoc.org)