The Chemistry of Formation of Some Secondary Arsenate Minerals of Cu(II), Zn(II) and Pb(II)

M. Clara F. Magalhães, Julio D. Pedrosa de Jesus and Peter A. Williams
Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
Department of Chemistry, University College, PO Box 78, Cardiff, Wales, CF1 1XL

Abstract: Solution studies have been carried out on natural and synthetic arsenate minerals, which are often found in the oxide zones of base metal orebodies. Solubility products and free energy of formation data have been derived for the minerals olivenite, cornubite, clinoclase, adamite, legrandite, euchroite, duftite, conichalcite, austinite, bayldonite, and schultenite at 298.2 K (25 °C). The data have been used in turn to construct stability field diagrams illustrating the chemical conditions under which the various species may crystallize from aqueous solution. This equilibrium model is then compared with several natural occurrences of the arsenate suites and it is demonstrated that it can be used to explain a number of observed paragenetic sequences. Descriptions of solution conditions which describe the stabilities of the arsenate minerals with respect to more commonly found secondary minerals of Pb(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) involve more complex calculations and estimates of the likely levels of various dissolved species, but it is shown how these may be taken into account in the development of a more complex equilibrium model.

Keywords: chemistry • formation • secondary minerals • arsenates • solution studies • stability diagrams

Mineralogical Magazine; December 1988 v. 52; no. 368; p. 679-690; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1988.052.368.12
© 1988, The Mineralogical Society
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