Abstract: Liquid-hydrocarbon-bearing fluid inclusions have often been described associated with petroleum occurrences and diagenetic sediments. Infra-red microspectrometry allows characterization of fluid inclusions greater than 20 µm by establishing the presence of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons as well as associated H2O, CO2 and CH4. Semi-quantitative analyses have been made by focussing on gaseous and liquid phases separately. Some CH2/CH3 and CO2/CH4 ratios have been determined by this method.
Fluorescence microspectrometry permits precise measurements of the fluorescence emission spectrum of chromophore-bearing organic phases (essentially aromatic hydrocarbons) in fluid inclusions greater than 10 µm. Such a spectrum is a function of both the gross composition of the trapped oil and its thermal history.
Both of these methods lead to the in situ characterization of hydrocarbon fluid inclusions. They are useful in providing a quantifiable distinction between different oil generations trapped during mineral growth in diagenetic and epigenetic minerals.