Abstract: Electron microprobe analyses of micas from the Cairngorm pluton in the Eastern Grampian Highlands of Scotland show extensive compositional variation in biotite, despite a lack of chemical variation in the host granite. Biotite has high Fe/(Fe + Mg) (0.6–0.85) and Alvi (0.6–2.1 a.f.u.), and enrichment trends in these two parameters are attributable to the Al-Tschermak and dioctahedral-trioctahedral substitutions, the latter becoming dominant with increasing Alvi content. Ti content is low (0.2–0.4 a.f.u.), and is largely controlled by a Tschermak-type substitution. Biotite is also unusually rich in Mn (up to 2.57 wt. % MnO), which increases with both Alvi and Fe/(Fe+Mg). F contents generally range between 0.55 and 2.05 wt.% All compositional variation in biotite can be attributed to the extensive development of a fluid phase during the late-magmatic and subsolidus evolution of the pluton. The presence of an abundant fluid phase has resulted in the alteration of biotite to muscovite, which has occurred in response to de-stabilization of the biotite as octahedral R2+ cations are lost in favour of Al. Extreme build-up of this fluid phase has resulted in the crystallization of muscovite as a late, interstitial primary phase. Both primary and replacive muscovite have Fe/(Fe+Mg) > 0.50, 15–36 mol. % celadonite and <1 mol. %paragonite.