Abstract: Deep azure-blue beryl is reported from veins in Upper Devonian conglomerate from southeast Ireland. Microprobe analysis, Mössbauer spectroscopy and loss on ignition suggest an unusual chemistry with an exceptionally high degree of substitution of Fe and Mg for Al, and extreme amounts of Na and water held within channel sites in the structure. The calculated structural formula is: Be2.94(Al1.26Fe0.153+Fe0.162+Mg0.42)Si6.07O18[Na0.45(H2O)0.95]
Refractive indices (1.603 and 1.595) and the cell edge, a, (9.292 Å) are also unusually high. Colourless beryl from the same locality, some of which forms cores to blue beryl prisms, has less octahedral substitution and a lower Fe/Mg ratio. The origin of the beryl is tentatively linked to contemporaneous volcanic activity.