The Geochemistry and Tectonic Setting of the Demirköy Pluton of the Srednogorie-Istranca Granitoid Chain, NW Turkey

A. Aykol and S. Tokel
Department of Geological Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Ayazaǧa, Istanbul, Turkey
Department of Geological Engineering, Black Sea Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey

Abstract: The chain of Late Subhercynian granitoids can be traced along the Srednogorie-Istranca-Pontid belt. The Demirköy pluton outcrops in the Istranca segment. The rocks of the pluton range from diorite through grandiorite to perthite granite with granodiorite predominating. On the basis of 25 chemical analyses, the intrusive setting of the granitoid has been investigated. Calcic to calc-alkaline and peraluminous to metaluminous character indicate a subduction-related origin. Low to moderate concentrations of the large-ion lithophiles (LIL), high field strength elements (HFS), light rare earth elements (La, Ce) and low HFS/LIL ratios indicate a mantle-derived magma with subduction-related enrichment. Trace element discrimination diagrams such as Rb/Zr-Nb, Rb/Zr-Y, Rb-SiO2 and Rb-(Nb + Y), are particularly indicative of normal arc-setting for the samples.

The Demirköy granitoid is chemically indistinguishable from the Upper Cretaceous granitoids of Strednogorie to the west and the Pontids to the east. This extensive maximum of plutonism can be considered as a time marker in the northern Tethys subduction system.

Keywords: geochemistry • granitoid • plate tectonics • Turkey

Mineralogical Magazine; June 1991 v. 55; no. 379; p. 249-256; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1991.055.379.13
© 1991, The Mineralogical Society
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