Abstract: A T.E.M. study of omphacites from the western Italian Alps (Sesia Lanzo Zone and Monviso eclogites) has revealed a bimodal size distribution of antiphase domains: (a) 250–350 Å, (b) ≥ 2500 Å. In addition observed dislocation substructures and ‘large-scale’ antiphase domains are intimately interconnected.
A model is presented that can explain modification of the antiphase domain sizes by the interplay of cooling/growth and dislocation glide and/or creep mechanisms. Subsequent coarsening of the modified antiphase domains is inferred to be the result of surface free-energy processes. The model clearly illustrates that only the ‘relatively undeformed’ areas containing the small-scale antiphase domains can be used for thermometric methods.