Abstract: Allanite-(La) (containing up to 7.80 wt.% V2O3 and with La/ΣREE and La/Ce atomic ratios up to 0.54 and 1.45, respectively) and allanite-(Ce) (up to 8.46 wt.% V2O3) occur in close association with vanadian muscovite, barian tomichite and vanadian titanite in the main ore zone of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Allanite-(Ce) generally occurs as a minor constituent in cross-cutting veins or along foliation planes, whereas allanite-(La) invariably occurs in direct contact with titanite. The high V concentrations in the allanites from Hemlo are readily attributable to an adequate local source of this element, and are most likely controlled mainly by a simple substitution of V for Al in octahedral coordination. Vanadian allanite-(La) and vanadian allanite-(Ce), without any systematic differences in other constituents, are clearly distinct in REE composition, in respect to both the relative concentrations of La and Ce and abundances of other REE. The formation of both allanites (Ce- and La-rich) indicates very localised remobilisation and concentration of REE during a late hydrothermal alteration. The unusual REE composition of vanadian allanite-(La) directly reflects partitioning of REE with coexisting titanite, and the formation of this unusual phase may be attributable to replacement of earlier titanite with redistribution of REE in the solid state.