Relation Between Graphitization of Organic Matter and Clay Mineralogy, Silurian Black Shales in Central Spain

J. F. Barrenechea, M. Rodas and A. Arche
Departamento de Cristalografía y Mineralogía, Facultad de Geología, U.C.M., 28040 Madrid, Spain
Instituto de Geología Económica, C.S.I.C.-U.C.M., Facultad de Geología, 28040 Madrid, Spain

Abstract: A horizon containing graphite in the Early Silurian slates of the Eastern Central System, Central Spain, has been studied. The carbonaceous slates contain quartz, muscovite, graphitized organic matter, plagioclase, pyrite and apatite; and the slates above the graphite horizon contain quartz, phengite, plagioclase and chlorite. The origin of the graphite is related to a period of very slow accumulation rate, anoxic seafloors deep-water upwellings and plankton blooms. The chlorite and graphite are mutually exclusive and by using the chlorite AlIV content and the graphite co parameter, the conditions of metamorphism were calculated to be 300 ± 20°C and 1.5–2 kbar.

Keywords: graphite • Early Silurian • Spanish Central System • anchi-epimetamorphism • chlorite • illite crystallinity

Mineralogical Magazine; December 1992 v. 56; no. 385; p. 477-485; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1992.056.385.04
© 1992, The Mineralogical Society
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