Mineral Chemistry and Reaction Textures in Metabasites from the Eastern Ghats Belt, India and Their Implications

Somnath Dasgupta, Pulak Sengupta, A. Mondal and M. Fukuoka*
Department of Geological Sciences, Jadavpur University, Calcutta-700 032, India
*Present address: Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University Fukuoka 812, Japan.

Abstract: Three types of mafic granulites, namely two pyroxene-plagioclase granutlite (MG), two pyroxene-plagioclase-garnet granulite (GMG) and spinel-olivine-plagioclase-two pyroxene granulite (SMG) exposed at Sunkarimetta, Eastern Ghats belt, India. The mafic granulites exhibit a foliation concordant with that in associated granulite facies quartzofeldspathic gneisses. Textural characteristics and mineral chemical data suggest the following mineral reactions: olivine + plagioclase = spinel + orthopyroxene + clinopyroxene (SMG), orthopyroxene + plagioclase = garnet + quartz (GMG), clinopyroxene + plagioclase = garnet + quartz (GMG) and plagioclase + hemoilmenite + quartz = garnet + ilmenite + O2 (GMG). Geothermobarometry indicates maximum P-T conditions of metamorphism at c. 8.5 kbar, 950°C. The mafic granulites later suffered nearly isobaric cooling to c. 7.5 kbar, 750°C. Bulk compositional characteristics suggest that SMG is of cumulate origin. The protoliths of the mafic granulites, emplaced at c. 32 km depth, are probably responsible for thermal perturbation causing granulite facies metamorphism of the enclosing rocks.

Keywords: basite • granulite • texture • Eastern Ghats • India

Mineralogical Magazine; March 1993 v. 57; no. 386; p. 113-120; DOI: 10.1180/minmag.1993.057.386.11
© 1993, The Mineralogical Society
Mineralogical Society (www.minersoc.org)