Abstract: Petrological and mineral chemical data are presented for two new occurrences of co-existing borosilicate minerals in the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica. The assemblages contain kornerupine and the rare borosilicate, grandidierite (Mg,Fe)A13BSiO9. Two distinct associations occur: (1) At McCarthy Point, 1–10 mm thick tourmaline-kornerupine-grandidierite layers are hosted within quartzofeldspathic gneiss; and (2) Seal Cove, where coexisting kornerupine and grandidierite occur within coarse-grained, metamorphic segregations with Mg-rich cores of cordierite-garnet-spinel-biotite-ilmenite and variably developed plagioclase halos. The segregations are hosted within biotite-bearing, plagio-feldspathic gneiss. Textural relationships from these localities indicate the stability of co-existing kornerupine and grandidierite.
The grandidierite- and kornerupine-bearing segregations from Seal Cove largely postdate structures developed during a crustal thickening event (D2) which was coeval with peak metamorphism. At McCarthy Point, grandidierite, kornerupine and late-tourmaline growth predates, or is synchronous, with F3 fold structures developed during a extensive granulite grade, normal shearing event (D3) which occurred prior to, and synchronous with, near-isothermal decompression. Average pressure calculations on assemblages that coexist with the borosilicates at Seal Cove, indicate the prevailing conditions were 5.2–5.5 kbar at ∼ 750°C for formation of the grandidierite-kornerupine assemblage.