Abstract: Wedge-shaped layers of ultramafic and mafic cumulates in Intrusion II of the Caledonian Honningsvåg Intrusive Suite suggest crystallization on an inclined magma chamber floor from a compositionally-zoned and density-stratified magma.
Cyclic unit 8 (140–100 m thick) consists of a distally-thinning olivine gabbro (denoted paoC) macrolayer overlain by a distally-thickening gabbronorite, pahC. New mineral data in four traverses across cyclic unit 8 show systematic compositional changes; the Mg# of the mafic phases decreases upwards through the unit and distally, both along the base and along the paoC/pahC interface.
A crystallization model based on an effectively continuously-zoned magma chamber with numerous, relatively thin, double-diffusive magma layers is proposed. Differential migration of horizontal isopleths (e.g. Mg# and aSiO2) in response to fractional crystallization and assimilation of country rock can explain the variations in the Mg# of the cumulates.