Abstract: The crystal structure of mawbyite, PbFe2(AsO4)2(OH)2 has been refined. The mineral is monoclinic, C2/m with a = 9.066(4), b = 6.286(3) c = 7.564(3) Å, β = 114.857(5)°, Z = 2; the structure has been refined to a conventional R = 4.3% using 361 observed reflections [I> 3σ(I)]. The structure contains chains of edgesharing Fe(O,OH)6 octahedra which are linked by AsO4 tetrahedra and Pb atoms in distorted square antiprismatic co-ordination. The hydrogen bonding network in the structure has been modelled using bond valence calculations. Mawbyite is confirmed to be isostructural with tsumcorite and dimorphous with carminite and the relationship between these two structures is discussed.